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What is a Concussion

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is defined as a traumatically induced transient disturbance of brain function that involves a complex pathophysiological process. Typically, concussions occur during a bump, blow or hit to the head that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.

When Should I See a Medical Professional?

Anybody that experiences any type of a hit to the head should consult with a sports medicine physician to be appropriately evaluated. 80-90% of concussions resolve spontaneously, with most older adolescents and adults returning to pre-injury levels of clinical function within 2 weeks; however, sometimes younger athletes can take up to 4 weeks for recovery. Sometimes, post-concussive symptoms can be complicated or prolonged and do not resolve spontaneously within these time frames - in these cases, seeing additional medical providers for collaborative care is likely necessary.

What Can a PT Do to Help?

Physical Therapists are specially trained to address these symptoms, and help progress an athlete back to sport using a graded exposure rehab model. Seek PT if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms post-concussion:

  • Impaired balance/gait
  • Neck pain
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Exercise intolerance