What is a Concussion
What is a Concussion? A concussion is defined as a traumatically induced transient disturbance of brain function that involves a complex pathophysiological process. Typically, concussions occur during a bump, blow or hit to the head that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.
When Should I See a Medical Professional? Anybody that experiences any type of a hit to the head should consult with a sports medicine physician to be appropriately evaluated. 80-90% of concussions resolve spontaneously, with most older adolescents and adults returning to pre-injury levels of clinical function within 2 weeks; however, sometimes younger athletes can take up to 4 weeks for recovery. Sometimes, post-concussive symptoms can be complicated or prolonged and do not resolve spontaneously within these time frames - in these cases, seeing additional medical providers for collaborative care is likely necessary.
What Can a PT Do to Help? Physical Therapists are specially trained to address these symptoms, and help progress an athlete back to sport using a graded exposure rehab model. Seek PT if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms post-concussion:
- Impaired balance/gait
- Neck pain
- Difficulty focusing
- Exercise intolerance